Lesson plan-Colours


Topic: Colours

Sub-topic: Vocabulary about colours

Language Focus:  Listening and speaking

Grade:  2nd GJ, H and GO

Age level: 8 years old

Number of students: about 19 in each class

Duration: 40 minutes each

Seating arrangement in the classroom: Square and then circular

Teaching/ Learning aids: Sets of flashcards, showing different types of colours, crayons, pencils, things to colour, papers to colour in

 Learning Objectives: By the end of the lesson pupils will be able to;

-          Recognise the colours green, red, yellow, purple, orange,  and blue

-          Will be able to draw a rainbow with the rightful colours, following instruction of the teacher

Introduction Activity

Greetings and Warm-up: Greet the class with a good-morning or good-afternoon depending on the day. Have the class stand up and respond to your greeting and do the warm-up. Ask pupils, “Do you want to sing a song? Expecting them to nod or say yes. Some will respond with a yes. Sing, “Head & Shoulders, Knees & Toes´´ “The Alphabet Song´´.

After the warm-up, sit pupils down. Introduce the new vocabulary using flashcards. Show the flashcard or place them on the blackboard. Point to the flashcard and say red. Have pupils repeat after you. Do this a few times for all the new vocabulary.

Model the dialogue with a teddy bear. Place the flashcards on the blackboard. Take the teddy bear out of a special bag. Say “Hello Teddy Bear and then introduce him to the class. Ask the Teddy Bear “What colour is it? While pointing to the flashcard with the red colour. Teddy Bear´s answers: “It’s red. Do this for all the flashcards and repeat the question/answer routine a couple of times. Make a mistake or two along the way, point to the green flashcard. Have the teddy bear say, “It’s blue, then turn to the students, and have them tell the Teddy Bear the correct answer.

Main Activity

-          Divide the class into 2 groups. One group asks the question “What colour is it? And the other group answers, “It’s (colour) depending on the flashcard shown. Run between the two groups to listen and give help if necessary. Alternate the dialogue between the two groups a few times until they get the hang of the dialogue

-          Sit pupils in a circle. Hold up a flashcard (red), point to it and say, “its red´´. Then hold up a ball and say, “What colour is it?  Demonstrate with several pupils. Give the ball to one pupil and the flashcard to another pupil. Have them stand up. Get them to practice the dialogue. Do this several times with several different pupils until the class gets a feel as to what they are suppose to do. If the pupils are very timid or shy, have two pupils for each part stand up and do the dialogue. So, two pupils say, “What colour is it? And the other two pupils say, “It’s (colour)? Play music and get the students to pass the ball and flashcard around the circle, both going in opposite directions. Stop the music. The two students holding the ball and the flashcard stand up and do the dialogue


-          What colour is it game: Divide the class into two equal groups, teams A and B. If there’s one team with an extra member, have one pupil play twice. Line up the two teams in two single straight lines. Demonstrate the game with a few pupils. Team A pupils go to Team A teacher and Team B(homeroom teacher) pupils go to Team B teacher and is asked the question “What colour is it? while being shown a flashcard. The respective pupil responds. They then go to the end of the line and the next pupil advances. When ready, start the game by shouting out go and encourage the pupils to advance to the front. Show your student a flashcard and ask him/her “What colour is it?  S/he answers, “It’s red. Have them go to the end of the line and the next pupil advances. The first team to get through the questions wins. As a reward, the winning team gets a round of applause. OR

-          Play  the touching game: The class is divided into two equal teams. Colour flashcards are placed on the blackboard. I shout out a colour say for example, red and a member of each team has to run to the board and touch it. The first student to touch the colour first earns a point for their team. The team with the most points wins and receives a round of applause.

Follow up Activity

-          To wrap up the class, have the students do a colouring activity. Pupils will require colour crayons to complete the activity. Draw the items to be coloured on the blackboard. Demonstrate the activity. Have the pupils watch you. Take the red crayon, say red, and colour part of the apple red. Say the colour and colour a little bit of the other items, the frog green, the sun yellow, and the balloon blue. Distribute the handouts to the students and have them colour the items the appropriate colour. Go around the classroom and ask the students, “What colour is the apple? while pointing to the object on the piece of paper.

-          If there’s time remaining, teach them a new song or sing ´Head, shoulders, knees and toes´or  ´The ABC song´

-          End the class with a good-bye and say, “That’s all for today. See you next time.

About Patience Adjahoe Karlsson

Hi, I'm Patience Adjahoe Karlsson, a Ghanaian born Icelandic woman. Married to the most wonderful man you could ever find for a husband, with three beautiful children that I adore. I am a student at the moment at the University of Iceland; School of Education upgrading myself as a foreign language teacher. Find out more about me......
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